Snoring And Sleep Apnea Treatment in Binghamton, NY

Snoring and Sleep Apnea Treatment, Binghamton, NY

Obstructive Sleep

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) occurs when the tongue and soft palate collapse onto the back of the throat.  This blocks the upper airway, causing air flow to stop.  When the oxygen level drops low enough, the brain moves out of deep sleep and the individual partially awakens.  The airway then contracts and opens, causing the obstruction in the throat to clear.  The flow of air starts again, usually with a loud gasp.  When the air flow starts again, you then move back into a deep sleep.  The airway muscles collapse, as you waken with a gasp. The airway clears once again as the process repeats itself.  This scenario may occur many times during the night.  The combination of low oxygen levels and fragmented sleep are the major contributors to most of the ill effects that the sleep apnea patient suffers.  In addition to excessive daytime sleepiness, studies show that sleep apnea patients are much more likely to suffer from heart problems (heart attack, congestive heart failure, and hypertension) strokes, as well as having a higher incidence of work related and driving related accidents.

Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Since OSA is a serious medical condition, it must be diagnosed by a physician.  Diagnosis is based on the results of an overnight sleep study, called a Polysomnogram (PSG).  Other factors of determining OSA are patient evaluation and history.

Treatment Options

Good sleep hygiene, weight loss, and exercise are some helpful OSA treatments a patient can practice on their own. However, medical and dental treatments include Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, Oral Appliance Therapy, and surgery.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is pressurized air generated from a bedside machine. The air is delivered through a tube, connected to a mask, covering the nose. The force of the pressurized air splints the airway open. The CPAP opens the airway like air into a balloon; when air is blown into the balloon, it opens and gets wider. This is exactly how CPAP clears the airway. Some patients find this to be cumbersome and have difficulty sleeping the whole night with it in place.

Oral Appliance Therapy

Oral appliances are worn in the mouth to treat snoring and OSA. These devices are similar to orthodontic retainers or sports mouth guards. Oral Appliance Therapy involves the selection, design, fitting and use of a custom designed oral appliance that is worn during sleep. This appliance then attempts to maintain an opened, unobstructed airway in the throat. Oral appliances work in several ways:

  • Repositioning the lower jaw, tongue, soft palate and uvula
  • Stabilizing the lower jaw and tongue
  • Increasing the muscle tone of the tongue

Determination of proper therapy can only be made by joint consultation of your dentist and physician. Initiation of oral appliance therapy can take from several weeks to several months to complete. Dr. Sambursky will continue to monitor your treatment and evaluate the response of your teeth and jaws.

More Information

Call us at (607) 798-0789 to schedule a consultation. We’ll be happy to introduce you to our staff and discuss your snoring and sleep apnea treatment options.

Call 607.798.0789

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